As-salamu alaykum, my brothers and sisters. I’m pretty sure you have heard about Umrah trems from many Muslims. Today, we’re discussing an Islamic topic: What is Umrah? Why is it important in Islam?
As we see many people go for Umrah, Islam is the only religion that tells us how full the commandment of Allah SWT is so that we can make our beliefs strong in Allah and his Messengers.
Muslims follow many obligations and sunnah and get the rewards in this world and hereafter. As I told you earlier, there are lots of sunnahs of the prophet Muhammad, but today, we talk about the Umrah Umrah.
Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam and is obligatory for all able Muslims to perform once in a lifetime. At the same time, Umrah is not obligatory but is recommended to act whenever possible.
Today, with the help of this article, we will explain what Umrah is. What are the rules for performing Umrah, Umrah, and whether there are differences between Umrah Umrah and Hajj? Let’s dive into this exciting topic.
What is Umrah?
Umrah is also known as a minor pilgrimage in Islam. When Muslims perform the Umrah, which means Umrah is a journey to a Muslim’s most sacred place, the holy Kaaba in Makkah. It can be performed at any time of the year.
Umrah is not obligatory for Muslims as the hajj is obligatory, but Umrah is recommended to be performed whenever possible.
The purpose of performing it is to cleanse one’s soul and an opportunity for Muslims to ask for forgiveness and pray to Allah SWT.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) once said, “The pilgrims of Hajj and Umrah are the guests of Allah. They visited His home on His call, therefore Allah will grant them what they ask for.”
Here are some rituals, these must be followed while performing the Umrah to make it valid (Allah Knows The Best).
- Ihram: Before entering Mecca, pilgrims must enter a sacred state known as ihram. Men wear two white seamless cloths, while women wear modest clothing. Once in ihram, pilgrims must avoid certain behaviors such as using perfume, cutting nails, and arguing.
- Tawaf: After entering Masji al-Haram in Mecca, pilgrims must circumambulate the Ka’bah seven times in a counter-clockwise direction. which known as the Tawaf.
- Sa’ey: After completing the worshippers reenact Hagar’s search for water by walking back and forth seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah.
Types of Umrah
There are mainly two types of Umrah—Umrah-al-Mufradah and Umrah-al-Tammatu.
Umrat al-Mufradah: This refers to performing only Umrah, without combining it with Hajj in the same year. It can be done at any time of year.
Umrat al-Tamattu: This is performed along with Hajj in the same year. People perform Umrah during the months before Hajj, exit the ihram state after Umrah, and then go back into ihram for Hajj later in the year.
What are the main differences between Umrah and Hajj?
Here are some major differences between hajj and Umrah.
- Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam and is obligatory for all able Muslims to perform once in a lifetime, while Umrah is not obligatory but is recommended to perform whenever possible.
- Hajj can only be performed on specific days of the 12th month (Dhu al-Hijjah) of the Islamic (Hijri) calendar, while Umrah can be performed any time of the year.
- Hajj has more obligatory rituals and restrictions associated with the state of ihram, Umrah has fewer rituals.
- Hajj rituals take place mainly in the plains of Arafat and Muzdalifah, while Umrah rituals take place in Mecca and focus on circumambulating the Kaaba and sa’ey between Safa and Marwah hills.
- A major ritual of Hajj is spending the day on Arafat plain, which is not part of Umrah.
- Hajj culminates with Eid al Adha and sacrificing an animal, which are not part of Umrah.
Are there any rules during Umrah?
The Umrah rites include Ihram, Tawaf Al Kaaba, Sa’i between Safa and Marwa, and the journey ends in shaved heads for men in likeness to the Prophet Mohammed as a mark of rebirth and purity. Women would typically just clip a single lock of hair.
Here are some rules which a pilgrims must follow while performing the Umrah.
- Hair cutting: While performing the Umrah, Pilgrims must have hair trimmed or shaved. Women may cut only a small lock of hair.
- Avoid Prohibited Actions: Throughout the rituals, pilgrims must avoid behaviors like arguing, intimate relations, using scented products, wearing jewelry and perfume, and more in order to sustain a spiritual state.
What do people wear during Umrah?
While performing the Umrah typical clothes worn by men and women during Umrah:
- Ihram – The ihram consists of two seamless white cloths, one wrapped around the lower half of the body and the other draped over the left shoulder. These must be worn during the Umrah rituals once a state of ihram is entered.
- Ridaa – A light, usually white garment sometimes worn on top of the ihram clothes. It provides a little extra covering.
- Sandals – Simple sandals that don’t cover the ankle bones must be worn to protect the feet during tawaf and sa’ey.
- Loose dresses – Women are required to wear loose, non-figure hugging dresses and abayas that cover the entire body apart from the face, hands and feet.
- Hijab – A headscarf must be worn to cover the hair and neck. Niqab veils may also be worn by some women to cover the face.
- Sandals – As with men, plain sandals must be worn during the rituals to protect the feet. Heels are not allowed.
In Islam, performing Hajj is obligatory while Umrah is not obligatory but is recommended to act whenever possible.
If you have lack wealth but still able to do Umrah then you should fulfill this commandment of Allah SWT. And this is also a good opportunity to see the house of Allah and Roza-e-Rasool.
If you wish to perform the Hajj and Umrah, then you should ask Allah to make it easy for you and all Muslims. May Allah call us for Hajj and Umrah. (Allah Knows the Best)